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Fulvic Acid FAQ


Fulvic acid has been discovered to be one of the most important miracles of life itself. Fulvic acid is a part of the humic structure in rich composting soil. It is an acid created in extremely small amounts by the action of millions of beneficial microbes, working on decaying plant matter in a soil environment with adequate oxygen. It is of low molecular weight and is biologically very active. Because of its low molecular weight, it has the necessity and ability to readily bond minerals and elements into its molecular structure causing them to dissolve and become mobilized fulvic complexes. Fulvic acid usually carries 70 or more minerals and trace elements as part of its molecular complexes. These are then in ideal natural form to be absorbed by plant roots and interact with living cells. Plants readily absorb high amounts of fulvic acid, and maintain it in their structure. In fact it has been discovered that these fulvic acid complexes are absolutely essential for plants to be healthy, and the same is true of animals and man.

Fulvic acids are organic acids that arise naturally in decomposing organic material called humus. Fulvic acids are the only part of humus to be soluble in alkaline, acid and neutral environments. This is an important quality, since plants absorb nutrients in solution. Furthermore, their low molecular weight facilitates penetration into plants. The use of fulvic acids in agriculture improves the structure of soil, retaining moisture, encouraging aeration of the root and providing the plant with nutrients including nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, magnesium, sulfur and micronutrients. It contributes to the conversion of minerals from non-assimilable to soluble form through the release of carbonic gas.

Likewise, fulvic acids have a positive effect on the growth and development of crops due to an increased extraction of macro- and micronutrients and, on a biochemical level, they increase permeability of membranes. All of the above leads to the following benefits: An improvement in soil structure An increase in fertility A biostimulant effect.

We can classify the great benefits of fulvics acids in those which have a positive effect on the growth and development of crops and those which improves the structure of soil. The fulvic acids positive effect on the growth and development of crops is due to an increased extraction of macro- and micronutrients, as well as an increase of the membranes permeability, on a biochemical level; these characteristics lead to the following advantages: An increase in photosynthesis and ventilation. In other words the speed of catching light is increased, which encourages a larger production of sugars. An improvement in the transport of nutrients, making them available in the areas where the plant needs them. An increase in the synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids, which will facilitate the action of enzymes formed with some amino acids and micronutrients. An increase in absorption. Contributes to an increased exploitation of water by the plant. An increase in fertility, as soil that has a low level of organic material can increase microbial life by up to 2000 times in just two weeks. An improvement in soil structure through the flocculation of clay in order to form blocks that facilitate the circulation of water and air around the root. An increase in the movement of ions allowing them to be absorbed by the plant. Shock-absorbing effect of the pH through the slow release of stored nitrogen. This is extremely important since an excess of acidity will make ions insoluble, as is the case with boron and an opposing variation of the pH, in other words an alkaline pH will burn the plant. Soil toxins are neutralized if a pesticide has contaminated the soil, leaving it in acceptable conditions for the plant. Applied in small amounts, they produce a significant increase in the production of dry material, which will lead to a stronger plant. An improvement to radical elongation, the arrangement of lateral and adventitious roots, radicular and absorbent hairs. In other words, it stimulates radicular growth allowing the plant to better absorb water as well as nutrients.

Furthermore, fulvic acids are an excellent food for mycorrhizal fungus, which have an increased radicular development as well as providing excellent protection for pathogenic fungi.

1) Improvement of soil

The application of fulvic acids to the soil encourages the formation of aggregates due to free radicals of the fulvic acid molecule attracting metals retained in clay, which in turn attract portions of clay. This improves the structure of the soil and allows improved circulation of air and water in the rhizosphere.

2) Better use of nutrients and agro-chemicals in general

Nutrients and agro-chemicals are used up to 4 times more by the plant when they are applied in a mixture with fulvic acids, whether to the leaves or to the roots. This is due to their high chelating power, which allows molecules to remain in solution. Due to the low molecular weight of fulvic acids, the nutrients penetrate and circulate more quickly throughout the entire plant. This property is illustrated in the experiment carried out with radioactive iron and phosphorous isotopes.

3) Biostimulant.

Fulvic acids have a biostimulant effect on plants by promoting the production of nucleic acids. They improve enzyme activity and catalyze biochemical processes such as respiration and photosynthesis.

4) Reproductive effect of microorganisms in the soil.

Fulvic acids stimulate the reproduction of microorganisms in the soil; it has been proved that it can increase their production by up to 2000 times in just two weeks following the application of fulvic acids in a concentration of 50 ppm. By increasing microbial activity of the soil, its characteristics are improved. It becomes more fertile and provides the plant with an increased quantity of nutrients. Pathogenic elements are controlled in the soil and non-desirable materials are decontaminated.